In Spain there are many self-governing areas, each with their own regional federal governments, so it will be impossible to information each and every scenario ranging from Valencia to Bilbao, Barcelona to Seville, however this post will attempt to provide a detailed summary of the basic situation, rather than a gloss-over of the bottom lines.
Possibly the very first point to discuss is that in Spain there are 2 main monetary entities that you can apply for a home loan from. The banks in Spain work all on a comparable basis, and are classes as Bancos - International brand names such as BBVA and Banco Santander will be familiar with many readers. The 2nd type of entity are the "cajas" or "cajas de ahorros" which are typically self-governing societies, formed as savings banks or constructing societies - often born in worthwhile self-governing regions and sometimes broadening across the country. Perfect examples would be Caja Madrid, Catalunya's La Caixa, and Caixa Catalunya. These entities are sometimes simpler to get a home mortgage from, although conditions can often be simpler controlled to the favour of the caja, instead of those guidelines rigorously set down by the Banco de España.
Now within the Cajas or Bancos, there are various products available when it pertains to taking a loan out on a home. For the sake of example, let's take a first time buyer on a starter home. Possibly one of the main distinctions in any kind of loan from a monetary entity is the kind of interest paid. It's exceptionally common in Spain for an interest rate to be applied to your loan sum on an annual basis, with a revision each calendar year, around the exact same date as you sign your home loan. This suggests that although rates of interest might fluctuate, as they tend to do, then if you happen to sign your mortgage in the "highest peak" of interest, then you will pay that amount of interest for the entire year - even if interest rates go down. This has the advantage of always knowing your regular monthly budget plan of costs, however the reverse holds true because if you accompany a peak which then drops drastically, you're stuck to the exact same rate for the remainder of the year. Home loan "trackers" dealing with a month to moth basis, understood across the world, are unknown in Spain.
Simply to make things more complex, there are then two different types of indexes your bank or building society can chose to use concerning your policy. The Euribor is the European Rates of interest, although it deserves noting that within the Eurobor, there is a separate (always greater) Euribor Home mortgage rate.
The 2nd Rate of interest that may be applied is the more stable IRPH, which takes an average of the previous 4 months Euribor then computes the rate by doing this. Any loan from a bank or building society will charge the client (that's you) one of these 2 rates, plus anywhere in between 1-3%, depending upon the risk, size of the residential or commercial property, offered guarantors, etc. (remember, my example here read more is for very first time purchasers).
Any loan from either entity normally has a 1% opening charge on the net price, and the very same for any cancellation prior to the time of the loan expires - loans are typically offered for Thirty Years, although in the last few years, specific banks have offered loans of as much as 50 years, or those which will be inherited by next of kin/offspring. This means that switching and changing mortgages over banks is nearly difficult in Spain, given the expenses included. A 1% cancellation charge in one bank followed by a 1% opening fee in the 2nd (even if this is waived) implies that there needs to be a substantial saving on the general conditions used by another entity for it to be beneficial considering. It nearly becomes a stock market video game, playing the possibilities of the possible increase in inflation - something that few people saw can be found in the latter part of 2008, for example.
Perhaps the very first point to mention is that in Spain there are 2 main monetary entities that you can apply for a home loan from. It's extremely typical in Spain for an interest rate to be applied to your loan amount on an annual basis, with a modification each calendar year, around the same date as you sign your home loan. This means that although interest rates might fluctuate, as they tend to do, then if you occur to sign your mortgage in the "highest peak" of interest, then you will pay that quantity of interest for the entire year - even if interest rates go down. Home mortgage "trackers" working on a month to moth basis, known throughout the world, are unknown in Spain.